屋台 (やたい)

1) A food cart found at a festival

A row of food yatai at the Sanja Matsuri in Tokyo

2) A float pulled/drawn as part of a mikoshi procession during a festival

The difference in the usage of the term seems to be regional. #2 is used in the Chichibu area, for example, for the Chichibu Yo-matsuri (hence the well-known festival music Chichibu yatai-bayashi). However, in other parts of Japan dashi seems to be a more common term for definition #2.

A yatai drawn as part of the procession during the Chichibu Yo-matsuri

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