“association of kindred spirits”; a group organized around a special interest or activity; may also serve as a type of preservation society (hozonkai) or performance group, e.g. Miyake Geino Doshikai = Miyake performing art society
a dance; as in Bon Odori; often refers to a folk dance involving many people; a group dance or community dance at festivals; taiko-odori (“drum dance”) and te-odori (“hand dance”) are terms used to differentiate dancers with and without drums, as in Sansa Odori; traditionally, odori refers to a springing or jumping dance, as in Kabuki dances
“belly, stomach”; A point approximately two to four inches below the navel considered to be the body’s center in Japanese (and other Asian) culture; the place from which personal energy and impetus for movement to striking the drum radiates
a particular style of festival music from old Tokyo (Edo); known for fast, complex rhythms and a jazzy, improvisational style
scream, yell, fighting spirit; a release of energy; a loud, sharp vocalization emanating from the body’s center (hara); used to release one’s own energy or to encourage others; usually brief, one to several syllables e.g. yo! so-re! su-ri-ya
a shout, yell; used to show encouragement or mark time; in taiko, this is often an integral part of the song; the vocalizations may be a call and response with several parts or a single part called out in unison
“mouth writing”, mouth singing”, “mouth chatter”; mnemonic system of vocalizing taiko sounds and patterns in a type of solfege solmization; part of the oral tradition in teaching/learning Japanese music; different instruments have their own vocabulary (e.g. shime-daiko, chū-daiko, atarigane, fue); different groups or regions may use different vocabularies as well; the taiko adage, “if you can say it, you can play it” is an expression referred to learning kuchi-shōga first before playing it on a drum
study, practice, training
“shape, form”; fixed form or sequence of stance in taiko; body alignment and position when striking the drum; established technique, pattern of movement or movement sequence.
“position, stance”; starting pose or stylized stance for a taiko player or dancer; kamae-te! (構えて) is a command to “take a stance” or “get in position”.