尺 (しゃく)

part of the traditional kanejaku system of measurement with units of sun, shaku, ken: 10 sun = 1 shaku; 6 shaku = 1 ken; though officially discontinued in 1966 in favor of the metric system, traditional craftsmen (e.g. carpenters, sword makers, taiko makers) still use shaku and sun; when ordering taiko in Japan, the size is given in shaku; 1 shaku = 30.3 cm = 11.9 in = 0.994 ft.


曲尺 (かねじゃく)

also known as the carpenter’s measure; traditional system of measurements used in Japan from 701 CE, when it was adopted as the official units of measurement until 1924 when the metric system was adopted; in 1966, use of the traditional kanejaku system was forbidden in any official uses, but it is still being used by traditional craftsmen, including taiko makers; 10 bu = 1 sun (1.193 inch), 10 sun = 1 shaku (11.93 inches), 6 shaku = 1 ken (71.57 inches), 60 ken = 1 cho (358 feet), 36 cho = 1 ri (2.44 miles)


立ち台 (たちだい)

“stand up stand”; a tachi-dai is an upright stand for tsukeshime-daiko, hiradō-daiko or smaller okedō-daiko that holds the drum with the head parallel to the ground; a taller stand than the beta-dai used for chū-daiko; holds the shorter drums at a comfortable hitting height when standing

Shime-daiko on tachi-dai


樫 (かし)

Japanese green oak; an evergreen tree, so not a true oak; extremely hard wood used for making bachi, esp. for chū-daiko, and bokken (wooden practice sword in the martial art of kendo); suitable for hard hitting and hits to the drum rim due to its strength and density; resistant to bending, cracking or splintering; seldom used for larger ō-daiko bachi due to its weight